Research suggests answer to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis may reside in brain’s corticoreticular pathway

ROI placement for CRP tractography. Axial color FA images demonstrating placement of (a) a seed ROI at the reticular formation of the medulla with magnified view (inset), (b) first target ROI at the midbrain tegmentum with magnified view (right), and (c) second target ROI at the premotor cortex. Credit: Clinical Radiology (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.crad.2024.01.027 Heavy…

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GPT-4 matches radiologists in detecting errors in radiology reports

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Large language model GPT-4 matched the performance of radiologists in detecting errors in radiology reports, according to research published in Radiology. Errors in radiology reports may occur due to resident-to-attending discrepancies, speech recognition inaccuracies and high workload. Large language models, such as GPT-4, have the potential to enhance the report generation…

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AI software could advance voice box cancer treatment

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Artificial intelligence has been found to improve the outcome of patients with voice box cancer, which is a step closer to personalized treatment, new research has revealed. Experts at Newcastle University have discovered artificial intelligence software can play a revolutionary role in guiding treatment for voice box cancer. In the first-of-its-kind…

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World-first microscopic stiffness probe could advance early cancer diagnosis

PEM working principle and 3D elastography mechanism. Credit: Communications Biology (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s42003-024-06126-4 Researchers at the University of Nottingham have created an endoscopic device that can 3D image the stiffness of individual biological cells and complex organisms, a discovery that could help doctors discover and treat cancer earlier. In its early stages, cancer cells are,…

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PET/MRI found to accurately classify prostate cancer patients, offer potential to avoid unnecessary biopsies

Credit: Journal of Nuclear Medicine (2024). DOI: 10.2967/jnumed.123.266742 PET/MRI can improve diagnostic accuracy for prostate cancer patients and help avoid unnecessary biopsies, according to new research published in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine. By applying the PRIMARY scoring system to PET/MRI results, researchers found that more than 80% of unnecessary biopsies could be avoided at…

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Researchers review use of MRI to identify brain cancer biomarkers

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Researchers from the School of Biomedical Engineering & Imaging Sciences (BMEIS) have published a systematic review in Neuro-Oncology Advances exploring the use of MRI imaging techniques to identify non-invasive biomarkers in brain cancer. These scan biomarkers could then be useful in indicating how well a patient might respond to personalized immunotherapy…

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New AI method captures uncertainty in medical images

Tyche: the first in-context stochastic segmentation framework. Human annotators (top) can handle a wide variety of tasks, and different annotators often produce differing segmentations. Existing automated methods (middle) are typically task-specific and provide only one segmentation per image. Tyche (bottom) can capture the disagreement among annotators across many modalities and anatomies without retraining or fine-tuning….

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